Speakers Day 2 - March 18 2020

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Nordic Circular Hotspot – The Go To for getting it done in the circular Nordic

We will describe what the Nordic Hotspot will be, how we will create it, and the unique network that we are building. We will also in advance invite all participants to be part of the network.
The Circular Hotspot will be:
A tailored matchmaking network for the Nordics
-connecting you with the businesses, people and organisations you should be connected to
A tailored knowledge provider for the Nordics
-sharing the information, challenges, experiences you need for your successful transition
A tailored platform for the Nordics
-Webinars, meetups, conferences, one to one meetings that you need to get shit done
How do we do this:
We have a network of people, we have a bank of knowledge and we tailor the solution to your circular problem based on you and your needs.
The Hotspot at present is funded by Nordic Innovation.

Josefina Sallén
founding member of the Nordic Circular Hotspot, Focus Area Manager Circular Transition at RISE. Josefina Sallén has 25+ years experience from change management senior manager, CEO and as organizational consultant. She has experience from a broad range of industries from automotive and process industry to construction and pharmaceuticals both in Sweden and internationally. The past years she has made use of this knowledge to engage in circular transition and create true impact. Her focus is on hands on transition and bringing the wide knowledge from the entire RISE organization out to companies.

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CIRCit – Circular Economy Integration in the Nordic Industry for Enhanced Sustainability and Competitiveness

Closing the loop strategies are reviewed within the project CIRCit for manufacturing industry in the Nordic countries, considering the conditions that are typical for the region. Among the relevant inputs for an informed decision is information on the residual value at the end of use, and ways to capture it. Knowledge on the actual state of an asset is divided between manufacturers and users. Barriers for reuse such as restricted chemicals in existing products and technological obsolescence are often presented as reasons why closing product and material cycles is not further implemented yet. Within CIRCit, a framework is developed that identifies suitable closing the loop options and formulates requirements for sophisticated future recycling processes.

Jutta Hildenbrand

PhD researcher at RISE Division Production and materials

Graduated from Technische Universität Berlin (Dipl. Ing. Environmental engineering) and University of Wuppertal (Ph.D. degree in safety engineering). Since 2015 she is working as a research scientist and project manager at RISE Research Institutes of Sweden. Her research fields are life cycle assessment and system analysis for product systems including a focus on chemicals assessment.

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Circular IKEA and the Nordic approach

Per Stoltz
Resource and Waste Manager, IKEA Group

Per Stoltz connects retail business knowledge with circular economy. He started working as IKEA's purchasing manager in Italy, then moved to Sweden to work with global strategic purchasing and product development in the IKEA headquarters. He has been engaged in sustainability issues, and for the past three years has led the transition for the world's largest furniture retailer to become a truly circular company.

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Closing the gaps to enable increased circularity of plastics

Meeting the EU targets of at least 50% recycling of all plastic packaging by 2025 is a significant challenge. The current uptake of recycled plastics in new products is low, and even if significant packaging volumes are “recycle ready” monomaterial packaging, their post-consumer recyclates (PCR)  are “downcycled” unless necessary actions are taken in the recycling process. The presentation will provide viable strategies with industry examples on how to increase the value creation and circularity by improved material and product design.  Solutions to specific challenges in the plastics recycling processes, like sorting and additivation, will be addressed and supported by experimental data from ongoing collaborative research projects.

Thor Kamfjord
Director Sustainable Development

Thor Kamfjord has been working for the polymer and plastics industry for the last 24 years, having different roles within R&D, application development and innovation management.

He holds a M.Sc in Industrial Chemistry/Polymer Science, and started his career in the plastics industry working with material and market development for consumer and industrial applications in Borealis. Thor took part in the management who established Norner in 2007, which has grown into an international innovation centre providing industrial R&D services and consultancy to the global plastics industry. From 2007-2011, he was representing the Norwegian Plastics industry in the board of Plastretur/Grønt Punkt Norge pushing the importance of recovery and recycling of used packaging. In his current role in Norner, one of his passions is finding new business opportunities in the circular economy and bringing sustainability and profitability to the polymer value chain


CE@KTH leading the transition towards Circular Economy in Sweden and beyond

The Circular Economy (CE) at KTH (CE@KTH) initiative aims to establish and strengthen CE driven research and education in Sweden. The goal is to put together competences and activities related to CE at different schools and departments and develop a common strategy for future research and collaboration. CE@KTH also works to expanding collective competence of Swedish research and development teams and delivers expert assistance across industries in Sweden. The CE@KTH platform is open for both researchers and industrial partners to join, discuss their challenges and co-create solutions to advance their knowledge and its implementation in transition from linear to circular industrial systems.

Amir Rashid
Professor, KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Amir Rashid is a Professor and head of the Manufacturing and Metrology Systems Division at the Department of Production Engineering, School of Industrial Engineering and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. He has a PhD in Production Engineering and more than 15 years of experience in manufacturing industry. His initial research had a focus on productivity improvements in the manufacturing processes and lately shifted more to sustainability in manufacturing systems. Currently he is coordinating different CE related initiatives and research projects at Swedish, Nordic, and European level.

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A more sustainable material use, actions needed

Legislation and implementation are similar in the Nordic countries, synergies possible. Some proposed actions; increased use of functional sale, in classification use bioavailability instead of concentration and Nordic rules for end-of-waste.

Christer Forsgren
R&D manager Stena Recycling International.

Adjunct professor in Industrial Material Recycling at Chalmers Technical University, 30 years of experience from management positions in the recycling industry and Chair of the Waste & Chemicals Task Force at EuRIC.

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3D Product Circularity: The three dimensions of product circularity, and how to measure them

The ideal circular product is 1) made of recirculated materials, 2) used very intensively during its functional lifetime, and 3) lasts a long time. This presentation will explore the proliferation of product-level circularity indicators, the challenges of achieving three-dimensional product circularity, and methods developed by RISE Sustainable Business to measure two of the three dimensions.

Robert Boyer

Senior Researcher of Sustainable Business at RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.

His research focuses on indicators for the circular economy as well as business model innovation for sustainable transportation. Prior to moving to Sweden in 2019, Boyer was a professor of urban planning at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte (USA) where his teaching and research examined social strategies for low-carbon living and active transport.

© Emmy Jonsson

Strategic tool for circular transition

Becoming more circular as company is usually not something that one can do alone without involving others. For example, increasing the share of recycled material in a product requires both customer acceptance as well as a supplier who can deliver the recycled material. Each actor in the value chain might have economical, environmental, and/or social reasons to support (or not) the transition, some benefitting more than others. A digital tool has been developed with the purpose of highlighting the positive and less positive aspects for each actor of a certain sustainability transition and creates environment where these aspects can be discussed openly in an attempt to find solution that works for the whole value chain.

Hafdis Jonsdottir
Project manager in the circular economy group at Chalmers Industriteknik

Hafdís has a master’s degree in Supply Chain Management from Chalmers University of Technology.

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Modelling of recycling for improved LCA

The modelling of material recycling can have a decisive impact on results of a life cycle assessments (LCA) of products that are produced from recycled material or recycled after use. The Swedish Life Cycle Center gathered Swedish companies, researchers and authorities in a 1.5 year project to test, assess and discuss available methods. We will present a summary of our results.

Tomas Ekvall
PhD, researcher at IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute and adjunct professor at Chalmers division for Environmental Systems Analysis

Tomas is an internationally acknowledged and often cited expert on methods for life cycle inventory analysis. He develops methods with a broad systems perspective for environmental and sustainability assessment. He also has 30 years of experience from applications of such methods in, for example, the waste-management and energy sectors for decision-makers in industry and policy-makers.

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Metals for sustainable future

Low carbon technology requires metals for sustainable future.
Boliden is an integrated company with mines and smelters and one of the world's largest recyclers of precious metals. As the Nordic region's largest recycler of lead batteries and one of the world's largest recyclers of electronic scrap, Boliden is an important part of the circular economy.

Anna Medvedeva
Director Technology and Strategy, Boliden Smelters

Anna Medvedeva explains how Boliden’s smelter work on sustainable metal production all the way from responsible purchasing of raw materials and urban mining to carbon neutral production and maximum recovery of raw material value.

Burcak Ebin Day 2

Critical Raw Material Circularity for Solar Cell Technologies and Material Recycling Options

How can we organize a sustainable raw material supply for solar cell technologies? What will happen the waste created from solar energy? The solar cell industry demands different valuable and critical raw materials depending on photovoltaic (PV) technology, such as indium, copper, gallium, tellurium, and silver. Considering the solar cell market and progress in PV technology, the resource limitation is a significant challenge to achieve the solar energy production target. Specifically, the future supply of silver is the bottleneck of the solar energy industry unless a substitute metal is found, though a small amount of silver is used as a conductive grid on solar cells. This research reviews the sustainability of raw material supply to the solar cell industry and analyzing material recycling options.

Burçak Ebin
Researcher, Nuclear Chemistry and Industrial Material Recycling, Chalmers University of Technology.

He received PhD degree with thesis on the development of nanostructured cathode particles for Li-ion batteries at Istanbul Technical University, Turkey in 2014. He has been working as a researcher at Nuclear Chemistry and Industrial Materials Recycling Group at Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden since 2014. His research fields are recycling of valuable metals from different waste streams such as solar cells, batteries, mining and metallurgical production waste using a combination of high temperature, hydrometallurgical and supercritical fluid technologies. He is also working on advanced particle production using primary and secondary sources.

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Re-manufacturing of cast components through dual casting

A new concept for metal casting by re-manufacturing enabling a new, circular casting value chain is under development. Until now this has never been tried, and the aim of a pre-study performed during the autumn 2019 is to answer two fundamental questions: whether it can be implemented with the use of existing technology or if new technical solutions must be developed; and is this circular economy concept long-term economically and environmentally sustainable for a selection of chosen products. RISE, two foundries and one supplier of plants for pulp and paper industry are taking part in the project.

Johan Dahlström
Senior Project Manager, RISE

Johan lives to transform Swedish business and industry towards sustainability. He has more than 20 years of experiences from automotive industry to retail enterprises and since the last five years Johan is working at the research institute RISE where he together with Swedish enterprises leads technical and business transition projects with focus at circular and sharing economy.

Craig Thompson

E-plastics - How to Optimize Plastics Recycling for Circular Electronics. What´s up in Europe and Asia?

Craig Thompson
Director Global Business Development at FPD Recycling

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Pyrolysis of plastic waste – One solution for the future?

Europe is facing significant challenges to stand up to future plastic waste recycling requirements. The first priority is recycling plastic waste into new materials, which is typically done by mechanical recycling. However, mechanical recycling is quite sensitive to quality of the feedstock and recovery rates remain low for not properly sorted, multilayered or heavily contaminated waste.

The alternative route is chemical recycling, an emerging technology in the global plastic waste management. Chemical recycling plastic enables the plastic waste to be converted into hydrocarbons rich secondary feedstock, i.e. monomers, oligomers and higher hydrocarbons that can be used to produce raw material for new plastic articles. There are new technologies under development for chemical recycling and several pilot plants have already been built across Europe. Many of these pilots are based on pyrolysis technologies, where the waste is processed into hydrocarbons in the form of pyrolysis liquid, gas and a solid char product.

Mona Arnold
Tech Lic, MBA, is a Principal Scientist at VTT with responsibility for developing Circular economy concepts and sustainable clean technologies.

At VTT, she is developing projects and competence in circular economy issues relating to new value creation, combatting plastics pollution , remanufacturing and water recycling and reuse.

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The SirkulærPlast project: realising circular innovation in Norway

The SirkulærPlast project (2017-2020) has worked towards innovation in circular plastic materials based on three real-life cases covering three different thermoplastic materials: high density polyethylene (HDPE), Polypropylene (PP) and glass-reinforced nylon (PA6.6). The project was financed by project partners and the Oslofjordfond Regional Research fund, Norway. The companies involved have a healthy collaboration network, despite sometimes being competitors in a fiercely cost-driven market. The SirkulærPlast project consortium included actors from the whole circular life-cycle required for products. Central activities in the project were quality testing and environmental accounting (LCA) work to inform innovation. The participants have learnt a lot about the benefits, challenges and some solutions for using recycled materials in practice. Sharing the knowledge built up during this research project is important and the platform for this will be presented.

Cecilia Askham
PhD, Senior Researcher, Østfold Research, Norway.

Cecilia has over 20 years’ experience in sustainability and life-cycle assessment, with particular expertise in toxicity assessments of products, EcoDesign, LCA and environmental assessments of waste and energy systems. Plastics and recycling are a particular area of current interest. She is currently leading, or performing research activities in several consortium projects relevant to Circular Materials, including SirkulærPlast, PacKnoPlast and FuturePack.


H&M wants to lead the change to a circular and climate positive fashion industry

She has had the opportunity to promote the importance of circularity on the Swedish market together with different stakeholders such as the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (Naturvårdsverket), Mistra Future Fashion (MFF), the Swedish Trade Federation (Svensk handel), Circular Sweden and STICA

Felicia Reuterswärd
Sustainability Manager for H&M Sweden.

Felicia is part of the management team and leads H&M's sustainability work at the local level.
Felicia focuses both on driving internal processes and coordinating with relevant departments to set annual goals for the country, as well as developing & managing local stakeholder relationships.

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Prerequistes for a circular economy for textiles

The circular economy for textiles is currently slowed down by a lack of information. The efficiency of the systems to handle our materials depend on the ability to efficiently sort large volumes of textile, considering markets for re-use as well as recycling, which today's systems are not equipped to deliver. The textile industry has a desire to be more transparent and increase the opportunities for traceability through the value chain. Transparency and access to information is a necessary foundation for a resource-efficient textile management system.

Now is the time to set the agenda for our future textile system. The system that is created must be able to meet the specific needs of various actors in the value chain, as well as end-user coming from other industries.

Lisa Schwarz Bour
Textile Recycling Area Manager at RISE IVF

Lisa is a Swedish Research Institute located in Mölndal. Lisa graduated from Chalmers in 2001, where she received an M.Sc in Chemical Engineering. For many years Lisa worked with concept development and project management of large European projects financed under the framework programmes of the EU. Since 2015 Lisa has been working full-time with different aspects of textile recycling; recycling technologies, applications for recycled material and sorting of textiles for material recycling.

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On the circular textile loop: Challenges and opportunities with large-scale textile sorting

The European Parliament decided in May 2018 on a new directive on waste management including collecting of textiles. It was decided that in January 2025, all member states are obliged to have a separate collection of textiles putting pressure on development of circular textile systems.

There are many challenges in the circular textile loop, and one of them is sorting of post-consumer textiles both for reuse, redesign, and recycling. There is also a need to develop new markets for the material-sorted textiles, as well as to develop both standardization procedures and policies connected to textile sorting.

Maria Ström
Head of operations Wargön Innovation

Maria is leading the work at Wargön Innovation on pilot production or services based on materials with low carbon dioxide footprint. Raw materials can be bio-based or circular secondary raw materials, such as used textiles. She has a M.Sc. and a Licentiate degree in chemical engineering from KTH--Royal Institute of Technology, and has 20 years’ experience of working in the forest industry in various roles including process engineering, marketing, productivity enhancement and strategic procurement. Since 2014 she has been with Wargön Innovation, which is a part of Innovatum Science Park.

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Textile products' environmental impacts

We live on an amazing planet. But science tells us that we are pushing it beyond its natural limits. At the same time, there has seldom been such great potential for innovation that can allow us to avoid serious threats and to change the world for the better.
We asked ourselves if we could change consumer behaviour, our impact as a brand and at the same time reconnect people to nature? This was made by challenging status quo and putting the user experience in focus, rather than the consumptions experience.

Through our Subscription pilot we evaluated how to truly decouple the resource resources with our turnover as a brand, yet offering products and experience beyond expectation.

Jesper Danielsson
Head of Design, Houdini Sportswear

Jesper is leading the work towards 100% circularity at Houdini Sportswear, using nature as a blueprint. Jesper has, together with the whole team at Houdini been working with designing products that not only are designed for circularity, but maybe more importantly, designed for use. In addition, team is now working with taking the design principles that has led Houdini towards 100% circular products and applying them to circular business models.

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SIPTex – the first industrial scale automated textile sorting facility

Today large-scale sorting of textiles for reuse and recovery is still carried out manually. The SIPTex project will help realise the world’s first industrial scale automated textile sorting facility, planned to start operations in Malmö in 2020, with maximum annual capacity of 24 000 tons.

The SIPTex sorting technology is based on visual and near-infrared spectroscopy, enabling detection of both fiber types and colors.

Hanna Ljungkvist Nordin
Sustainable consumption and waste, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

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Conversion of non-recyclable textiles into valuable feedstocks by steam gasification

Textile recycling is limited, only 1% of clothes are closed-loop recycled, and barely 12% is reused in lower-quality applications (wiping, stuffing or insulation). The rest is landfilled or incinerated or lost into the environment.
Textile waste consists of a variety of polymers and often blended together which complicates its sorting and recovery. Fibre blends are challenging due to mixed natural-synthetic filaments, heterogeneity and pigments/ additives.
A technology that enables producing new materials with the same quality is needed. For today's non-recyclable textiles, thermo-chemical recycling could constitute an important alternative to obtain hydrocarbons from synthetic textiles, thus, enabling a pathway towards a circular economy.

Isabel Cañete Vela
PhD Student at Chalmers University of Technology

Isabel does experimental research in plastic waste recycling in a pilot plant. Her aim is to test, understand and steer thermochemical processes to produce new feedstocks.

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Sustainable fungal textiles from food waste

Nowadays there is an urgent need for sustainable textiles. Here we present a novel approach for production of new textile materials from the filamentous fungi grown on food waste. Fungal monofilament yarn was successfully spun from the fungal cell wall grown on food waste.

Akram Zamani
Akram Zamani is associate professor (docent) in industrial biotechnology in University of Borås.

She has several years of research experience development of different value added biopolymers and biomaterials from filamentous fungi grown in residues and waste streams.

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Transformation of existing petrochemical clusters into thermochemical recycling plants

To approach circular usage of plastic, two aspects need to be considered, the feedstock supply for production of virgin plastic and todays insufficient recycling both in quantity and quality. Chemical feedstock recycling can address both by replacing virgin fossil feedstock with plastic waste. Correctly integrated into a chemical cluster the existing production line can be transformed from a linear to a circular material flow.

This transformation is discussed based on the on the example of the Stenungsund chemical cluster where an introduction in four consecutive implementation steps from today’s virgin fossil feedstock-based production into a cluster that is based on PW is proposed.

Martin Seemann
Project leader and senior researcher

Interested in the hidden pathways of thermochemical and catalytic mechanisms, Martin has focused the last 15 years of his research on thermal conversion processes. His work is characterized by experimental research at relevant scale and guided by the overall aim for application of knowledge in industrial collaborations.


Monitoring of materials degradation to support lifetime optimization for circular economy

Circular economy technical material loops need to be carefully designed in order to support optimal product lifetime and efficient use of resources. However, the material real time situation awareness in use phase, accurate predictions and updates of the lifetime and condition may lack in real solutions. Monitoring of the condition of the materials, their aging, start of degradation or single failures give timely information on the use-phase health of materials. Experimental material monitoring findings support the component lifetime optimization in industrial systems and circular economy business strategies beyond current status.

Päivi Kivikytö-Reponen
Working at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland for Industrial Circular Economy.

She has totally over 20 years' working experience in academy, industry and RTO on research and development positions from project management to team leadership. She has worked for circular materials development, materials performance, and maintenance & lifecycle management. She is actively targeting to combining digital solutions with sustainable lifecycles and circular development.

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Creating circular streams from GFRP composite waste

Glass fiber composite (GFRP) waste is a growing global environmental problem since waste from wind, boat, automotive and construction industries go to landfill or incineration. Our projects aim to take a larger perspective on the problem: End-of-Life and manufacturing GFRP waste should be recycled through solvolysis/HTL in order to generate new circular material flows. To lay the grounds for future implementation of the solvolysis technology in a circular value chain, material flows from industries such as wind power, boat and construction industries need to be mapped and future recycled products and value chains will be evaluated regarding their profitability and impact on the environment.

Cecilia Mattsson
Scientist, Division Material and Production, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.

Cecilia’s area of expertise is chemical recycling of polymers and circular economy based design of composites.

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Environmental services by a multipurpose biorefinanary

Of the global fiber production for clothing, 53 million tonnes, 87% are combusted or landfilled at the end of the life cycle. The textile value chain must turn circular and recycling of its material contribute to the global demand on raw materials.

While recycling of the most common textile fibers cotton and polyester is developing, the understanding of the circularity of regenerated fibers, such as viscose and lyocell, is far from being satisfactory, and central process issues remain rather unclear.

Hanna de la Motte
Researcher and Project Leader, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Graduated from Lund University (M.Sc. degree in chemistry 2007) and Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg (Ph.D. degree in chemistry 2012). Since 2013 she is working as a research scientist and project manager at RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, at the division of Materials and Production (Fiber development), as well as a research fellow at Chalmers University of Technology in Göteborg and BOKU University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences in Vienna. Her research fields are cellulose science, derivatization and modification of fibers, chemical textile recycling processes and polymeric separations (polyester/cellulose-based fibers).

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Standardisation landscape for circular plastic industry

Standardisation have traditionally been a tool initiated and created by and for the industry. In the new circular economy for plastics the need is originated from public community and the political side. The lack of a common understanding about plastic and circularity is clearly monitored by regulations established without having definitions in place. I will talk about the mapped standardisation necessity for the coming years for plastic and what is in the pipeline.

Kristin Geidenmark Olofsson
Director Regulatory Affairs & Strategic Innovation, Trioplast Group

I have more than 30 years of experience in the polymer industry, within rubber, textile and plastics, and all combination of these materials. Companies I have worked for is for example Trelleborg, Ansell and Nolato, prior to me joining Trioplast 4 years ago.
The last 20 years my focus have been within development and innovation, but also covering Production Management, Product Management and Key Account Management. My covering has been global, managing the start-up of production of rubber coated technical textiles in Shanghai, built the foundation for a development hub for Protective Clothing in Xiamen, just to mention some.

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How to fairly account for recycled plastics in LCA: Norwegian cases

Environmental accounts for recycled materials compiled using life cycle assessment (LCA) involve several transport and processing steps. The materials collected, transported and processed are often mixed with other materials that end up in residual waste treatment. It does not seem fair to punish the recycled materials with transport and processing of materials that are not an artefact of the recycling system, but rather a less well functioning product design, sorting and waste management system. There are also market factors that render some material fractions unsalable, thus leading to disposal as residual waste. The results and allocation principles used in case studies on three different plastics from Norway will be presented. As well as a comparison between virgin and recycled plastic materials.

Pieter Callewaert
has a Masters’s degree in Business Engineering from the University of Ghent and a Master’s degree in Industrial Ecology from NTNU from 2017.

He has been working on with multiple project related to plastic recycling and food waste. He is primary interested in improving (recycling) systems with LCA being the key tool to accomplish this.


Future of fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) composites - enabling materials' sustainable value cycles

Fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) composites are considered to be the construction materials of the future, but today's limited ability to recycle FRP composites creates a barrier to their use as a sustainable material. The same structural features that determine the attractive properties of FRP composites make them difficult to recycle. The problem is not only of a technical nature, but also due to the peculiarities of the composites market. So far, the amounts of end-of-life FRP composites have been relatively small and incentives too weak to drive the development from the linear model (landfill and incineration) to a circular approach (reuse and recycling). Today’s fast-growing market is forcing players to act and create circular flows of FRP composites. The market is in urgent need of a sustainable and economically feasible system solution. Findings from the recently completed project financed by RE:Source will be presented.

Lena Smuk
Senior Researcher and Project Manager

Lena Smuk works as a senior researcher and expert on materials recycling at the RISE Research Institutes of Sweden. Prior to joining RISE (SP) in January 2013, she gathered experience in different fields - doing scientific research at Aalto University and the Royal Institute of Technology, working at Alfa Laval as a technical expert, and being a founder and CEO of two cleantech startups - prize winners of Venture Cup and Cleantech competitions. Apart from holding PhD degree in solid state physics and materials science, she has 20 years’ experience in optimization of material recovery from complex waste streams. Her primary research interest is in creating resource-efficient circular flows of polymer-based materials through combining mechanical and thermochemical material recycling. Lena leads R&D activities in the area of feedstock/thermochemical recycling of polymers in frames of RISE Competence Platform "Circular Economy".

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A circular system for recycling of plastic pipes in Sweden

Every year, large amounts of plastic pipes are installed in buildings and infrastructure, in Sweden approximately 100 000 tonnes per year. Of this about 5 % become installation scrap at building sites. Most of this high-quality plastic is unfortunately incinerated instead of being recycled. To contribute to a circular market of scrapped plastic pipes; models to collect, sort and recycle plastic pipes have been developed within the Innovation project REPIPE. The models developed are now being tested in large scale together with 32 partners.

Annika Boss
A researcher at RISE IVF in the field of plastics recycling and sustainable use of plastics.

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Biohydrometallurgy as a tool for recovery of metals from secondary sources

Europe possesses substantial amounts of secondary sources for metal extraction, like sludges, slags and ashes considered a yet unexploited resource. With the escalating demand of metals, Europe is confronted with the challenge to secure a sustainable metal supply.

With biohydrometallurgy, i.e. making use of microbes to produce or recover metals from primary and secondary sources, there is a potential for recovery of metals in a cost-effective and environmentally friendly way.

Erika Lönntoft
Project manager at RISE, Research Institutes of Sweden.

Erika holds a M.Sc in Engineering Biotechnology and is the co-project manager of BIOMIMIC. She has worked at RISE for two years in the group Anaerobic bioprocesses with focusing mainly on biological sulfate reduction and biometallurgy.

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What is BizMet all about?

The SMEs are in a key role in implementing the transfer to circular economy. However, the transformation is not simple because successful product development in the recycling business of today requires not only the input of new technology but also the adoption of new circular business models to cover the novel product value chains that have not existed before. Furthermore, successful and fast implementation of new innovations, novel technology and business models into real life requires active collaboration between scientists and companies. In BizMet – “Competitive sustainable business from metal recycling” -project the emphasis was set on developing such a collaborative education model to help SMEs in metal recycling to tackle some of the challenges set by the circular economy.

Jutta Nuortila-Jokinen
Docent, Associate Professor at LUT University Research Platform RE-SOURCE

Jutta has over 30 years' working experience in academy and in industry, from research on membrane technology in pulp and paper industry to environmental research management and team leadership. Currently her passion lies in circular economy, especially creating concepts for sustainable business through resource-efficient processes and value chains and ecodesign in product design.

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Hindrances and opportunities of Circular Economy from the SME point of view

Between September 2018 and February 2019 BizMet planned and facilitated regional workshops with SMEs and with further interested actors from the metal recycling sector. The aim of the workshops was to get in contact with the SMEs and to offer an exchange platform between all actors. In several group works the participants identified concerns, obstacles and restrains going along with the implementation of a circular economy in their businesses. The results of the regional workshops will be examined and clustered into general topics (of interest in all four countries) and specific regional topics. The presentation will show the experiences on the way to build up regional SME-networks in the metal recycling sector and illustrate the results of the workshops, which show a broad variety of legal, technological, economical and societal challenges.

Dr.Ing. Asja Mrotzek-Blöß
studied waste management and recycling technologies at RWTH Aachen. Following she worked as scientist and project manager at Fraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety, and Energy Technology UMSICHT, Oberhausen (main topics: material flow management, recycling) as well as the at the recycling company Tönsmeier Dienstleistung GmbH. Since 2015 she has been working as Coordinator for EU-Research Projects and Strategic Development of the research focus area “Raw Materials Supply and Resource Efficiency” at Clausthal University of Technology and is today research manager for this research focus area.

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Industrial Transformation 2050

There is intense debate about how to close the gap between current climate policy and the aim of the Paris Agreement to achieve close to net-zero emissions by mid-century. Heavy industry holds a central place in these discussions. The materials and chemicals it produces are essential inputs to major value chains: transportation, infrastructure, construction, consumer goods, agriculture, and more. Yet their production also releases large amounts of CO2 emissions: more than 500 Mt per year, or 14% of the EU total.

Material Economics recently published Industrial Transformation 2050 – Pathways to Net-Zero Emissions from Heavy Industry, which seeks to support these discussions. The study characterises how net zero emissions can be achieved by 2050 from the largest sources of ‘hard to abate’ emissions: steel, plastics, ammonia, and cement.

Stina Klingvall
Senior consultant at Material Economics.

Material Economics is a management consultancy firm focusing on resource and climate topics. Her recent project experience includes a net-zero roadmap for energy-intensive industrial sectors, and various work on a circular and low-GHG economy for plastics. Stina has a product design and industrial engineering background with a M.Sc. in Management and Economics of Innovation and a B.Sc. in Industrial Design Engineering from Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg.