Speakers Day 1 - September 22 2020

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Peter Woodward

Facilitator

Peter Woodward is in high demand across Europe and internationally for his skills as an independent facilitator. His engaging personality and twenty years of experience combine to lift the normal conference or workshop experience to new levels of energy and value. He enables both clients and participants achieve outcomes beyond their expectations in a relaxed yet purposeful manner.

As Co-founder and Director of Quest Associates his clients include the European Commission and national governments, public agencies, businesses, universities and civil society organisations.

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“The Nordic Approach” – The Nordic region as the most sustainable and integrated region in the world 2030

The importance of awareness-raising, piloting and cross-border cooperation to achieve the transformation.

Marthe Haugland
Senior Innovation Advisor at Nordic Innovation

Her primary focus is on the transition to circular economy in the Nordics, through initiating projects that can spur innovation and entrepreneurship in Nordic companies. The main areas are circular cities, new solutions and the use of circular business models. Nordic Innovation is part of the Nordic Council of Ministers, who’s vision is that the Nordics should be the most integrated and sustainable region in the world in 2030.

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Creating a global impact with local circular economies

Precious Plastic is a community of people tackling the plastic waste problem. It's a free open source, with members all around the world. They have developed machinery, educational material and digital tools to make recycling accessible to people without waste management facilities in their local area.

Filip Sjögren
Filmmaker and music producer

Filip Sjögren is a filmmaker, music producer and activist. He will tell the story behind Precious Plastic and how they are working towards tackling the plastic waste problem and researching on new innovative ways to consume.

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Building the world's greenest batteries

Dr Emma Nehrenheim
Chief Environmental Officer Northvolt

Emma did her PhD in the area of industrial waste products and waste water. She thereafter engaged in numerous R&D project with the industry until she became a Professor in Environmental Engineering. She also spent a few years in ABB, focusing on disruptive solutions and business models for the utility segment. Dr Nehrenheim has been in Northvolt since 2017 and has led and built the environmental and sustainability track. As Chief Environmental Officer, she is running the factory sustainability, global business sustainability as well as the newly established business unit Revolt which will bring LIB's recycling into the raw material strategy of Northvolt.

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Industrial Transformation 2050

There is intense debate about how to close the gap between current climate policy and the aim of the Paris Agreement to achieve close to net-zero emissions by mid-century.

Material Economics recently published Industrial Transformation 2050 – Pathways to Net-Zero Emissions from Heavy Industry, which seeks to support these discussions. The study characterises how net zero emissions can be achieved by 2050 from the largest sources of ‘hard to abate’ emissions: steel, plastics, ammonia, and cement.

Stina Klingvall
Senior consultant, Material Economics

Material Economics is a management consultancy firm focusing on resource and climate topics. Stina has a product design and industrial engineering background with a M.Sc. in Management and Economics of Innovation and a B.Sc. in Industrial Design Engineering from Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg.

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How can we improve the recycling of WEEE? Are we prepared to take our responsibility?

Rasmus Bergström
Managing Director, Stena Recycling Group

Rasmus has been working with WEEE at Stena since 2007, since 2014 he has been responsible for the European operation at Stena Metall for all WEEE. Stena Recycling is one of the leading WEEE recyclers in Europe with over 16 recycling plants.
Stena Recycling was one of the founders of the European Electronic Recycling Association EERA, today Rasmus is president for the EERA board.

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Transforming the future with Circular Economy at Volvo Car Group

Volvo Car Group are heading towards climate neutrality in 2040 with high ambitions within Circular economy. It is one of the cornerstones of a new strategy and will, together with extensive plans on electrification of their fleet of cars, fundamentally transform the company in the years to come.

Karin André
Director of Circular Economy, Volvo Car Group

Karin has a background from various areas, from Research & Development to Strategy & Planning, Corporate Innovation and now within the Global Sustainability group at Volvo Car Group with responsibility for Circular Economy.

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AI as an enabler for the circular economy

During the conference, Klas will present an assignment carried out for Vinnova and the strategic innovation program Re:Source with the aim of investigating and prioritizing AI efforts for circular economy in Sweden.

Klas will also be involved in conference workshops and looks forward to fruitful discussions in the Chalmers Industriteknik stand in the exhibition area.

Klas Cullbrand
Director of Circular Economy group, Chalmers Industriteknik

Klas is leading the circular economy efforts at Chalmers Industriteknik. With many years of experience helping recyclers, manufacturers, NGOs, agencies, industry organisation etc. in their efforts to become more circular Klas leads the group with focus on circular logistics, circular business models, circular technology and circular design.

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Bengt Eliasson
Bengt has a background as intrapreneur / entrepreneur and often act as the "catalyst" that connect the dots between Strategy, Tactics, Technology, Data and Operations. With 20+ years’ experience from the Retail and Technology sector ( IBM - Unilever - ICA etc ) he now spends more of his time supporting the circular movement of consumption and production, enabled by AI.

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Planet positive starts with a low carbon circular economy

Imagine a world where the sum of what everything that a business does makes a positive impact on our planet. ​We call it Planet Positive. We don't have all the answers for how to get there but we know our efforts to contribute to a low carbon circular economy (LCCE) will be one important step.

Benefiting of a foundation of sustainably sourced renewable materials with low climate impact, whilst stepping up innovations and collaborations to increase renewability and recyclability further and to develop recycling solutions we are confident we will create the package for the future.

Gustav Askman
Circular Economy Expert, Tetra Pak

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To what extent can circular measures make scarce metals last?

Maria Ljunggren Söderman
Researcher, Environmental Systems Analysis, Chalmers University of Technology

Maria Ljunggren Söderman conducts research on how prevention, re-use and recycling contributes to a more sustainable management of material resources. Based on systems analysis methods such as material flow analysis, life cycle assessment and systems engineering modelling, her work integrates assessments of resource and waste policy with analyses of the use and end-of-life treatment of scarce and critical materials in complex products.
Maria received her PhD in Environmental Sciences at Chalmers University in 2001. She was appointed member of the waste council of the Swedish EPA for three years.

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Innovative technological solutions to improve materials traceability

WEEE management systems currently suffers relevant shortcomings. Only about 35% of domestic WEEE in Europe is collected through official schemes. A similar problem arises within the professional WEEE system context. The instrument that can help in improving the amount of WEEE properly managed is identified in traceability solutions. This paper presents the results achieved by two research projects: BlockWEEE and InnoWEEE that, aiming to improve future WEEE management, verify the effectiveness of innovative tracking technologies and approaches by combining blockchain, digital technologies and on-field activities.

Luca Campadello
Projects & Researches Manager at ECODOM

He is the Project manager responsible for research activities on circular economy. He earned his Mechanical MSc from Politecnico di Milano University. He coordinates projects and researches (H2020, EIT raw materials, Climate-KIC) that involves the Consortium. Since 2008 he worked in ECODOM managing the supplier, performing WEEELABEX audits.

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How to approach and work with the UN’s sustainability goals

The EPR schemes have obviously worked with the UNs sustainability goals since we all started with collecting, dismantling and recycling of WEEE.
But - have we been equivalent skilled to tell everyone about this? And have we also in a good enough way included the producers in the work we do for them - when it comes to the sustainability goals?
Norsirk works directly towards delivering more and better on three of the sustainability goals, and we would like to share the method of how we have done the approach to include the UNs goals in our business - and how we include the producers in our work, which also leads to a closer cooperation with the producers. We also work indirectly with some other of the UN sustainability goals - and will also be able to tell you about those.

Passionate in her daily work as a communicating director in Norsirk, an EPR company approved from Norwegian authorizes to collect and recycle WEEE, batteries and packaging.

Guro K. Husby

Guro has been an important part of the exciting travel NORSIRK has had for the last 15 years.

From the EE-take back scheme Elretur - until today - to the full scope and far most forward leaning EPR company in Norway. Her responsibilities throughout the years has been managing the customers, the marketing, the sales, the web, the social media strategy and all other communication. Guro is well known as a engaging speaker, and is indeed passionate about her work.
She is also the mother of two girls, happily married and she loves cross country skiing in the Norwegian mountains.

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Circular management of contaminated soil

The overall aim of the project was to create improved possibilities for increased re-use of contaminated soil masses. To meet the overall aim, the project investigated the societal benefits from an increased re-use of contaminated soils, studied what obstacles that need to be overcome to realize these benefits, and developed an innovative method for classification of soil masses for an environmentally safe re-use. The project was multi-disciplinary integrating engineering, natural science and behavioral sciences. It was performed in collaboration between academia, authorities and private companies.

Lars Rosén
Professor in Engineering Geology at Chalmers University of Technology in Göteborg, Sweden.

Lars has thirty years of consulting and research experience in hydrogeology and environmental engineering. Consulting as well as research activities have mainly been directed at vulnerability assessments, risk management, cost-benefit analysis and sustainability assessments for water protection and remediation of soil and groundwater. Lars has authored four handbooks for Swedish Authorities. He is currently the head of the Division of Geology and geotechnics, manager of the competence centre Forum for Risk Investigation and Soil Treatment (FRIST) at Chalmers and a senior researcher within the DRICKS research center on drinking water risk assessments and protection. Lars is currently supervising five PhD candidates.

Per Carlborg

Organizing for circular economy – an ecosystem perspective

Abstract: Revealing circular practices and interaction patterns in order to increase the understanding of resource utilization and efficiency is a highly prioritized issue in industry and for policy level analyses. This research builds on an ongoing research project where boundary-spanning collaborative initiatives in the Swedish paper- and pulp industry is in focus. The study shows how circular economy practices can be shaped by a close inter-organizational collaboration with actors in the ecosystem. We identified several key factors in the collaboration: Knowledge integration, Scalability, Network innovation and Ecosystem catalysts.

Per Carlborg
Senior lecturer at Örebro University.

His research is focused on service innovation, networks & ecosystems, sustainability, and circular economy.

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Environmental services by a multipurpose biorefinery

Large volumes of water are needed when producing pulp and paper generating significant amounts of process effluent. In this work, we wish to address the potential of utilizing effluent streams to develop a novel multipurpose biorefinery cascade concept. The biorefinery concept produces four products in a cascade process:
1) biohydrogen, 2) biopolymers, 3) sustainable feed ingredients for aquaculture and 4) clean water. The cascade concept aims to exploit the ability of microorganisms to valorise wastewater and biosludge, to turn low-value waste into high-value resource within or outside the mill.

Lina Lindahl
Researcher at RISE, Research Institutes of Sweden

Lina has a PhD in Industrial Biotechnology from Chalmers University of technology and works in the Bioprocesses and Environmental services group at RISE. Her main research focus is to use bioprocesses to turn waste streams into value-added products.

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Reuse of consumer electronics: what are the real environmental benefits?

The topic of product reuse in the consumer electronics sector is investigated. Reuse and recycling are more complex and multi-faceted issues than is often recognised in environmental analysis. The study goes some way to dismantling existing assumptions which compromise these analyses. The tacit understanding that reuse is beneficial appears at odds with the calculations. In fact, product reuse does not deliver reduced environmental impacts over the life cycle of the product. The key is to recognise that reuse has an effect over the whole life cycle and the reuse operation cannot be considered in isolation. The main effect of reuse is rather to dilute the fixed elements over a longer period of function. The appropriate basis for comparison is the provision of function for a given time period and an appropriate metric is the average environmental impact per unit time over that period. This study explores these issues for a range of consumer electronic products.

Irmeline de Sadeleer
Ostfold forskning

Irmeline has a Master's degree in Industrial Ecology from NTNU from 2018. She has been working with LCA's in a range of different areas. A key interest lies within waste - she has been working with different kinds of materials such as plastics and electronics, food and packaging issues.

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The Future Challenges of a sustainable electrification

Pavel Calderon will lead an in-depth session about our future challenges of our sustainable future. How is our transport and power segment developing, what future challenges need to be met? How do we meet the the urgent need for actions against climate change, while keeping a responsible and just battery value chain?

Pavel Calderon
CCO, EVLedger AB

EVLedger is developing a software tool for understanding degradation of battery performance and battery value degradation.

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The Fate of Lithium-ion batteries for Vehicles in the Nordic Countries

This study used statistics and literature data and found that the large volumes of lithium-ion batteries in vehicles will start to reach their end-of-life by 2030 in the Nordic countries, and if second-life will become common, even later. Therefore only very small amounts of recycled metals can currently be used for battery production in Europe and also the recycling techniques need to be improved in order to become resource efficient. The study was financed by the Nordic Waste Group under the Nordic Council of Ministers.

Lisbeth Dahllöf
A senior project leader and researcher at IVL Swedish Environmental Institute.

She has a licentiate degree in Environmental Technology and her area of competence is mainly within LCA, environmental aspects of electromobility and recycling, eco-design in the automotive industry and circular economy.

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Boosting the Circular Economy of Li-ion batteries via development of sustainable recycling

Martina Petranik's presentation will give a perspective on the sources expected for battery production in upcoming years, current development in future battery chemistry and effects of this development on the material supply and recycling needs. The presentation will highlight the information on current recycling activities in the academia and industry with respect to their contribution to circular economy. Moreover, Industrial Materials Recycling group research activities and achievements in this field will be presented.

Martina Petranikova
Assistant Professor, Nuclear Chemistry and Industrial Materials Recycling, Chalmers University of Technology

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Circular Business Model: Recycling Service within Lithium-ion Battery Manufacturing Industry

The growth of the Lithium-ion Battery (LiB) industry has raised concerns over raw material stocks. As a net importer of raw material for LiB, battery manufacturers in the EU are exposed to materials availability risk. The EU believes that recycling LiB needs to be increased. However, recycling LiB still encounters some issues, such as a low collection of LiB waste, high cost of recycling, logistical issues, and lack of regulations. Battery manufacturers need to establish a robust and efficient system to recover materials from batteries once they reach the end of their life. One way is to incorporate battery recycling services within the battery manufacturing companies. The research aims to investigate how recycling service could be developed within the LiB manufacturer to secure the raw material and reduce the environmental impact.

Banne Matutu
Master's student in Environmental Management and Policy at Lund University.

Interested in circular material, recycling, and green manufacturing strategy. Currently working on a thesis project about circular material within Lithium-ion battery manufacturing company.

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E-plastics - How to Optimize Plastics Recycling for Circular Electronics. Challenges in Europe for e-plastics?

Separation of plastics from e-waste/WEEE is a challenge with multiple polymer types, Brominated Flame Retardants (BFR) containing Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP's) now classed as hazardous material in some EU countries. This adds further costs and separation requirements to enable e-plastics to be used in the circular economy along with a slow uptake in Europe by OEM's to use recycled e-plastics in new electronics and equipment.

Craig Thompson
CEO, Semper Augustus Consulting

A career veteran of the e-scrap industry, pioneering the UK's first franchised collection network for WEEE recycling well before the European WEEE regulations started in 2006.  Successfully selling his own WEEE recycling company in 2010 which was then the largest processor of WEEE in the UK. Working with the majority of e-waste recyclers in Canada, US and Europe on downstream processing of their e-scrap / WEEE plastics along with the development and sales of robotic and AI driven solutions for processing of flat panel displays and other e-waste.

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An Asian perspective on Plastics Recycling and Utilization of Circular Economy

Asia region has seen fastest economic growth rates in the world. The plastic production and consumption have been booming alongside while the development of effective waste management system. Recognizing the growing problem of plastics waste has become one of the major issues in Asia-Pacific region. Around 8 million tons of plastics waste ends up in our ocean from urban areas leaks into natural drainage and rivers. Among 10 most polluted rivers, 8 rivers are flowing in Asia-Pacific region that contribute roughly 90 percent of plastics waste in the ocean. In addition, the world’s recyclable plastics waste is being shipped to Asia and leads to illegal operations such as open dumping and open burning, contaminating water supplies, killing crops and causing respiratory illnesses. Underscoring the multiple benefits of plastic recycling and utilization of circular economic development approach through effective 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle) policies and programmes help towards the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals, particularly, aim of SDG 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production), sustainable and effective use of natural resources and aim of SDG 14 (Life Below Water), to manage and protect marine and coastal environment from pollution.

Anupam Khajuria
Researcher, United Nations Centre for Regional Development in Nagoya, Japan

Anupam Khajuria is working in United Nations Centre for Regional Development where she contributes in organizing the annual High-level Policy Forum, Regional 3R Forum in Asia Pacific region since 2014. She conducts research on how 3Rs (reduce, reuse and recycle) and advanced circular economy integrate towards resource efficient policies, plans and improved infrastructures towards sustainable development in Asia-Pacific region.
Earlier, Anupam received her PhD in Environmental Engineering at Osaka University in 2010 and carried on a post- doctoral research at Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan before joining UNCRD.

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Standardisation landscape for circular plastic industry

Standardisation have traditionally been a tool initiated and created by and for the industry. In the new circular economy for plastics the need is originated from public community and the political side. The lack of a common understanding about plastic and circularity is clearly monitored by regulations established without having definitions in place. I will talk about the mapped standardisation necessity for the coming years for plastic and what is in the pipeline.

Kristin Geidenmark Olofsson
Director Regulatory Affairs & Strategic Innovation, Trioplast Group

I have more than 30 years of experience in the polymer industry, within rubber, textile and plastics, and all combination of these materials. Companies I have worked for is for example Trelleborg, Ansell and Nolato, prior to me joining Trioplast 4 years ago. The last 20 years my focus have been within development and innovation, but also covering Production Management, Product Management and Key Account Management. My covering has been global, managing the start-up of production of rubber coated technical textiles in Shanghai, built the foundation for a development hub for Protective Clothing in Xiamen, just to mention some.

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The SirkulærPlast project: realising circular innovation in Norway

The SirkulærPlast project (2017-2020) has worked towards innovation in circular plastic materials based on three real-life cases covering three different thermoplastic materials: high density polyethylene (HDPE), Polypropylene (PP) and glass-reinforced nylon (PA6.6). The project was financed by project partners and the Oslofjordfond Regional Research fund, Norway. The companies involved have a healthy collaboration network, despite sometimes being competitors in a fiercely cost-driven market. The SirkulærPlast project consortium included actors from the whole circular life-cycle required for products. Central activities in the project were quality testing and environmental accounting (LCA) work to inform innovation. The participants have learnt a lot about the benefits, challenges and some solutions for using recycled materials in practice. Sharing the knowledge built up during this research project is important and the platform for this will be presented.

Cecilia Askham
PhD, Senior Researcher, Østfold Research, Norway.

Cecilia has over 20 years’ experience in sustainability and life-cycle assessment, with particular expertise in toxicity assessments of products, EcoDesign, LCA and environmental assessments of waste and energy systems. Plastics and recycling are a particular area of current interest. She is currently leading, or performing research activities in several consortium projects relevant to Circular Materials, including SirkulærPlast, PacKnoPlast and FuturePack.

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Closing the gaps to enable increased circularity of plastics

Meeting the EU targets of at least 50% recycling of all plastic packaging by 2025 is a significant challenge. The current uptake of recycled plastics in new products is low, and even if significant packaging volumes are “recycle ready” monomaterial packaging, their post-consumer recyclates (PCR)  are “downcycled” unless necessary actions are taken in the recycling process. The presentation will provide viable strategies with industry examples on how to increase the value creation and circularity by improved material and product design. Solutions to specific challenges in the plastics recycling processes, like sorting and additivation, will be addressed and supported by experimental data from ongoing collaborative research projects.

Thor Kamfjord
Director Sustainable Development, Norner AS

Thor Kamfjord has been working for the polymer and plastics industry for the last 24 years, having different roles within R&D, application development and innovation management.
He holds a M.Sc in Industrial Chemistry/Polymer Science, and started his career in the plastics industry working with material and market development for consumer and industrial applications in Borealis. Thor took part in the management who established Norner in 2007, which has grown into an international innovation centre providing industrial R&D services and consultancy to the global plastics industry. From 2007-2011, he was representing the Norwegian Plastics industry in the board of Plastretur/Grønt Punkt Norge pushing the importance of recovery and recycling of used packaging.

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How to fairly account for recycled plastics in LCA: Norwegian cases

Environmental accounts for recycled materials compiled using life cycle assessment (LCA) involve several transport and processing steps. The materials collected, transported and processed are often mixed with other materials that end up in residual waste treatment. It does not seem fair to punish the recycled materials with transport and processing of materials that are not an artefact of the recycling system, but rather a less well functioning product design, sorting and waste management system. There are also market factors that render some material fractions unsalable, thus leading to disposal as residual waste. The results and allocation principles used in case studies on three different plastics from Norway will be presented. As well as a comparison between virgin and recycled plastic materials.

Pieter Callewaert
has a Masters’s degree in Business Engineering from the University of Ghent and a Master’s degree in Industrial Ecology from NTNU from 2017.

He has been working on with multiple project related to plastic recycling and food waste. He is primary interested in improving (recycling) systems with LCA being the key tool to accomplish this.

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Obstacles and promoters for use of secondary materials

Millions of tons of solid waste with technical properties suitable for use in building and construction, are still disposed of in landfills or used for low grade recycling. Challenges posed by logistics, business models, discrepancies in policies and regulation, technical standards per se, as well as environmental risks are strongly contributing factors to meegre high-grade recycling rates. For the Swedish innovation platform RE:Source, we designed, developed and conducted a strategic project with focus on potential promoters and obstacles within these factors, for recycling of secondary raw materials in bulding and construction (focus ashes and concrete).

The project resulted in suggestions for strategic steps to be taken to increase efficient use of secondary materials, with the following topics: “Way forward to End-of-Waste”, “Business models for (heavy) secondary raw materials”, “A national strategy for resource efficiency”, and “Utilize technical guidelines and norms”.

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Martijn van Praagh
R&D manager at ÅF Infrastructure, Environment, Malmö, Sweden

He is a part-time lecturer at CEC, Centre for Climate and Environmental Research at Lund University. Martijn’s focus in research, teaching and consulting is environmental impact of solid waste and material management, especially reuse of secondary materials. He has a degree in Civil Engineering and Environmental Engineering from Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH) and a PhD in Water Resources Engineering from Lund University.

Linus Brander
Senior Scientist and Project leader at RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Borås, southwestern Sweden.

His background includes one year as geology lecturer at University of Gothenburg, several years as field (mapping) geologist for the Swedish Geological Survey (SGU), and commission concerning development of XRF-technique in metal exploration. Mr Branders present focus in research and consulting is (chemical, mineralogical, physical and mechanical) material properties of primary and secondary mineral resources, in relation to application as aggregate, dimension stone, concrete, cement and other industrial uses. He has degrees in Chemistry (BSc) and Geology (MSc), and a PhD in Mineralogy & Petrology, all from the University of Gothenburg. From 2019 and onward, he is the Swedish expert in CEN/TC 104 Task Group on recycled aggregates, appointed by the Swedish Mirror committee TK190.

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Switch, Recycle, Reuse, Repair: Stimuli-Responsive Polymers as Building Blocks for the Circular Economy

Smart Reconfigurable Materials could potentially be to the Circular Economy what the steam engine was to the industrial revolution.

With their uncanny ability to reversibly and abruptly phase-change with minimal energy in response to a small environmental trigger, these bistable smart polymers present a disruptive platform to engineer a new generation of phase-switching circular materials that be indefinitely reconfigured for reuse, recycling, repurposing and repair for extended use.

At Bioastra Technologies in Montreal, we have developed and are commercialising a switchable and circular materials platform of bio-sourced polymer composites that result in high-performing materials for its intended end-use. After its intended first use, it can be reconfigured either for reuse in the original application or reconfigured for another application.

Sumitra Rajagopalan
Founder and CEO Bioastra Technologies

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Destruction and refining of deposited asbestos materials into sellable recycled materials

Although the health hazard of asbestos is widely known and the use and production of it has been banned in many countries, it is still happening. It is estimated that about 400 000 tons of asbestos is still present in houses, schools, floors and walls in Sweden, resulting in 12 000 tons of asbestos cement ending up in landfills.

Lars Kraft will present his findings within a study aiming to produce saleable materials from a conversion process of asbestos cement. Topics include the burning process, the analysis of the residue materials and its composition.

Lars Kraft
Researcher and consultant, RISE CBI Concrete Institute

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Bio-Based Construction Materials during Service- and End-of-Life in a Circular Economy

The construction industry has a strong responsibility to contribute to a more efficient use of natural resources. Nowadays it is by far the most resource intense industry sector, approximately 40-50% of all primary raw materials are used. In this context and as a result of the Paris Climate agreement the Dutch government defined the program “Nederland Circulair in 2050”, which states the ambition to use 50% less primary materials in 2030 and to have a full circular economy in 2050. Based on that the research on natural fiber reinforced composites has got a lot of progress in recent years and promise interesting application in the construction industry.

Patrick Teuffel
Professor Innovative Structural Design, Eindhoven University of Technology

Patrick has a background as a structural engineer and he practices with his Berlin-based consultancy in various construction projects and he is a professor for Innovative Structural Design at Eindhoven University of Technology. The focus of his research is on the development of innovative materials, such as bio-based composites for architectural and structural engineering applications.

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Circular business model innovation for a building developer: An experimentation approach to identify customer acceptance of circular façade elements

Amidst efforts to achieve climate targets in the building sector, the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions embedded in building materials are receiving increasing attention by policy makers and key industry stakeholders (e.g. building developers, investors, building certification bodies). One proposed solution to address embedded GHG emissions is the concept of a circular economy (CE). In a circular economy, life of buildings and building products is extended for as long as possible through CE strategies such as reversible design, repurposing, and reuse. Once the end-of-life is irreversibly reached materials are circulated back in the economic system (i.e. recycling).

Julia Nußholz
Doctoral Researcher at the International Institute of Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE) at Lund University (graduation in March 2020).

Her PhD research within the MISTRA REES project focused on business model innovations that help companies capitalize on circular economy (CE) strategies and deliver strong sustainability outcomes. Her previous working experiences include positions at Lendager (Danish pioneering company spearheading CE implementation in the building sector), the Dutch Ministry for Infrastructure and Environment (Department for CE), and the Faculty of Geosciences of Utrecht University. She holds a MSc in Environmental Governance (specialization in Innovation Management) from Utrecht University in the Netherlands, and a BSc in Economics and Political Science from Cologne University in Germany and Sabanci University in Turkey.

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A circular system for recycling of plastic pipes in Sweden

Every year, large amounts of plastic pipes are installed in buildings and infrastructure, in Sweden approximately 100 000 tonnes per year. Of this about 5 % become installation scrap at building sites. Most of this high-quality plastic is unfortunately incinerated instead of being recycled. To contribute to a circular market of scrapped plastic pipes; models to collect, sort and recycle plastic pipes have been developed within the Innovation project REPIPE. The models developed are now being tested in large scale together with 32 partners.

Annika Boss
A researcher at RISE IVF in the field of plastics recycling and sustainable use of plastics.

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Circular Manufacturing Systems: concept, characteristics, and implementation challenges

Manufacturing industry is a major consumer of the energy and material resources generating significant amount of waste. Circular manufacturing systems (CMS) that are designed intentionally for closing the loop of products through multiple lifecycles are indispensable for sustainable development. For successful implementation of CMS, a systemic approach integrating business model, product design and supply chains exploiting Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is essential. This work explores the concept of CMS, their characteristics and need in the context of circular economy. It also analyses leading industrial practices of CMS implementation and challenges in scaling up to realise their full business and sustainability potential.

Malvina Roci
PhD candidate, KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Malvina is a PhD candidate in Production Engineering at KTH Royal Institute of Technology. Her research is focused on developing analysis methods and tool to support manufacturing industry in its transition from linear to circular manufacturing systems that are that are economically viable and environmentally sustainable.

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Utilization of mineral side streams in high-value application: case study

Mining wastes from mining and mineral processing industry represent one of the largest mineral side streams flows. Due to the huge volumes, they are seen as one potential resource to be utilized on the way towards circular economy, resource efficiency and profitable business. This paper presents a case study of the feasibility of talc ore mining tailings as raw material for high-value application: as electrical insulation ceramic coating.

Marjaana Karhu
Working as Senior Scientist at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

She has over 13 years’ working experience on research and development as scientist and as project manager at VTT. She has worked for materials development, materials processing and performance with recent years’ focus on circular economy solutions and especially mineral side streams utilization in high-value applications.

Melanie schulte

Cirular Flooring- Obstacles and promoters for use of secondary materials

The EU-funded project Circular Flooring aims to enable circular use of plasticized PVC from post-consumer floor coverings by further developing recycling processes that eliminate legacy phthalic acid esters, such as DEHP. The project results will be demonstrated via the production of high quality recycled PVC at TRL 5-6, reprocessing of eliminated plasticizers to new phthalate-free plasticizers and re-use of recycled polymers and additives in new flooring applications. Waste flooring will be subjected to the patented CreaSolv® Process, which dissolves plasticised PVC from the material mix and eliminates undissolved matter as well as co-dissolved plasticizers in an extractive purification step.

Melanie Schulte
Bavarian Research Alliance GmbH

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Creating circular streams from GFRP composite waste

Glass fiber composite (GFRP) waste is a growing global environmental problem since waste from wind, boat, automotive and construction industries go to landfill or incineration. Our projects aim to take a larger perspective on the problem: End-of-Life and manufacturing GFRP waste should be recycled through solvolysis/HTL in order to generate new circular material flows. To lay the grounds for future implementation of the solvolysis technology in a circular value chain, material flows from industries such as wind power, boat and construction industries need to be mapped and future recycled products and value chains will be evaluated regarding their profitability and impact on the environment.

Cecilia Mattsson
Scientist, Division Material and Production, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.

Cecilia’s area of expertise is chemical recycling of polymers and circular economy based design of composites.

Päivi-Kivikytö-Reponen-Day-

Monitoring of materials degradation to support lifetime optimization for circular economy

Circular economy technical material loops need to be carefully designed in order to support optimal product lifetime and efficient use of resources. However, the material real time situation awareness in use phase, accurate predictions and updates of the lifetime and condition may lack in real solutions. Monitoring of the condition of the materials, their aging, start of degradation or single failures give timely information on the use-phase health of materials. Experimental material monitoring findings support the component lifetime optimization in industrial systems and circular economy business strategies beyond current status.

Päivi Kivikytö-Reponen
Working at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland for Industrial Circular Economy.

She has totally over 20 years' working experience in academy, industry and RTO on research and development positions from project management to team leadership. She has worked for circular materials development, materials performance, and maintenance & lifecycle management. She is actively targeting to combining digital solutions with sustainable lifecycles and circular development.

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What could be reasonable business applications for recycled regenerated cellulose fibers?

Of the global fiber production for clothing, 53 million tonnes, 87% are combusted or landfilled at the end of the life cycle. The textile value chain must turn circular and recycling of its material contribute to the global demand on raw materials.

While recycling of the most common textile fibers cotton and polyester is developing, the understanding of the circularity of regenerated fibers, such as viscose and lyocell, is far from being satisfactory, and central process issues remain rather unclear.

Hanna de la Motte
Researcher and Project Leader, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Graduated from Lund University (M.Sc. degree in chemistry 2007) and Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg (Ph.D. degree in chemistry 2012). Since 2013 she is working as a research scientist and project manager at RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, at the division of Materials and Production (Fiber development), as well as a research fellow at Chalmers University of Technology in Göteborg and BOKU University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences in Vienna. Her research fields are cellulose science, derivatization and modification of fibers, chemical textile recycling processes and polymeric separations (polyester/cellulose-based fibers).

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Conversion of non-recyclable textiles into valuable feedstocks by steam gasification

Textile recycling is limited, only 1% of clothes are closed-loop recycled, and barely 12% is reused in lower-quality applications (wiping, stuffing or insulation). The rest is landfilled or incinerated or lost into the environment.
Textile waste consists of a variety of polymers and often blended together which complicates its sorting and recovery. Fibre blends are challenging due to mixed natural-synthetic filaments, heterogeneity and pigments/ additives.
A technology that enables producing new materials with the same quality is needed. For today's non-recyclable textiles, thermo-chemical recycling could constitute an important alternative to obtain hydrocarbons from synthetic textiles, thus, enabling a pathway towards a circular economy.

Isabel Cañete Vela
PhD Student at Chalmers University of Technology

Isabel does experimental research in plastic waste recycling in a pilot plant. Her aim is to test, understand and steer thermochemical processes to produce new feedstocks.

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The role of ICT in Circular Economy enabled Product Life Cycle Management

Circular Economy proposes the idea of replacing the end of life management by intentionally designed regenerative systems and multiple life cycle products. Implementing this concept requires modification in various stages of a product life cycle, such as redesigning the product in its beginning of the life (BoL), providing service and maintenance while the product is in use in its middle of the life (MoL) and avoiding disposal by reusing or remanufacturing it at the end of life (EoL). Making these changes requires interactive information exchange through different life cycle stages and managing a heterogeneous collaborative environment of various stakeholders and experts. To enable this process Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) can play a significant role.

Niloufar Salehi
P.h.D student in Production Engineering at KTH Royal Institute of Technology.

Her research focuses on developing analysis methods and decision support tools to help manufacturing systems transition from linear to circular systems. Furthermore, she is working on developing a systematic approach to implement ICT in the context of Industrial Symbiosis to increase effectiveness, efficiency, and transparency of the system.

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Pyrolysis of plastic waste – One solution for the future?

Europe is facing significant challenges to stand up to future plastic waste recycling requirements. The first priority is recycling plastic waste into new materials, which is typically done by mechanical recycling. However, mechanical recycling is quite sensitive to quality of the feedstock and recovery rates remain low for not properly sorted, multilayered or heavily contaminated waste.

The alternative route is chemical recycling, an emerging technology in the global plastic waste management. Chemical recycling plastic enables the plastic waste to be converted into hydrocarbons rich secondary feedstock, i.e. monomers, oligomers and higher hydrocarbons that can be used to produce raw material for new plastic articles. There are new technologies under development for chemical recycling and several pilot plants have already been built across Europe. Many of these pilots are based on pyrolysis technologies, where the waste is processed into hydrocarbons in the form of pyrolysis liquid, gas and a solid char product.

Mona Arnold
Tech Lic, MBA, is a Principal Scientist at VTT with responsibility for developing Circular economy concepts and sustainable clean technologies.

At VTT, she is developing projects and competence in circular economy issues relating to new value creation, combatting plastics pollution , remanufacturing and water recycling and reuse.

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Transformation of existing petrochemical clusters into thermochemical recycling plants

To approach circular usage of plastic, two aspects need to be considered, the feedstock supply for production of virgin plastic and todays insufficient recycling both in quantity and quality. Chemical feedstock recycling can address both by replacing virgin fossil feedstock with plastic waste. Correctly integrated into a chemical cluster the existing production line can be transformed from a linear to a circular material flow.

This transformation is discussed based on the on the example of the Stenungsund chemical cluster where an introduction in four consecutive implementation steps from today’s virgin fossil feedstock-based production into a cluster that is based on PW is proposed.

Martin Seemann
Project leader and senior researcher

Interested in the hidden pathways of thermochemical and catalytic mechanisms, Martin has focused the last 15 years of his research on thermal conversion processes. His work is characterized by experimental research at relevant scale and guided by the overall aim for application of knowledge in industrial collaborations.

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Resource efficient use of fibre reinforced polymers

Fibre reinforced polymers have excellent strength and weight properties, resulting in a greatly increasing amount of applications in the transport and construction industry. The recycling of these complex composites is often inadequate and is primarily based on energy recovery with limited material recycling of the fibres. New environmental legislation aimed at limiting the use of fossil resources and improving waste management creates a demand for appropriate recycling technologies. In order to improve the resource efficiency of fibre reinforced polymers, efficient reuse and recycling is of great importance. In this project efficient use of both carbon and glass fibre reinforced polymers are evaluated, i.e. reduction of waste within the production facility, alternative applications as well as material recycling via pyrolysis which allows recovery of both high-quality fibres and polymers.

Ann-Christine Johansson
Senior research engineer at RISE, Bioeconomy and health

Johansson has a master’s degree in chemical engineering from Luleå University of Technology and has worked within the research field of thermochemical conversion, primary pyrolysis, of biomass and plastic waste for over 10 years.

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Future of fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) composites - enabling materials' sustainable value cycles

Fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) composites are considered to be the construction materials of the future, but today's limited ability to recycle FRP composites creates a barrier to their use as a sustainable material. The same structural features that determine the attractive properties of FRP composites make them difficult to recycle. The problem is not only of a technical nature, but also due to the peculiarities of the composites market. So far, the amounts of end-of-life FRP composites have been relatively small and incentives too weak to drive the development from the linear model (landfill and incineration) to a circular approach (reuse and recycling). Today’s fast-growing market is forcing players to act and create circular flows of FRP composites. The market is in urgent need of a sustainable and economically feasible system solution. Findings from the recently completed project financed by RE:Source will be presented.

Lena Smuk
Senior Researcher and Project Manager

Lena Smuk works as a senior researcher and expert on materials recycling at the RISE Research Institutes of Sweden. Prior to joining RISE (SP) in January 2013, she gathered experience in different fields - doing scientific research at Aalto University and the Royal Institute of Technology, working at Alfa Laval as a technical expert, and being a founder and CEO of two cleantech startups - prize winners of Venture Cup and Cleantech competitions. Apart from holding PhD degree in solid state physics and materials science, she has 20 years’ experience in optimization of material recovery from complex waste streams. Her primary research interest is in creating resource-efficient circular flows of polymer-based materials through combining mechanical and thermochemical material recycling. Lena leads R&D activities in the area of feedstock/thermochemical recycling of polymers in frames of RISE Competence Platform "Circular Economy".

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Closed Loop Recycling through Depolymerization of PET and Polyester Waste

Production waste was successfully depolymerized with high yield using an inorganic catalyst. Carbon black pigments and other contaminations could be separated from the monomer in the process. Analyses show high purity of the obtained white monomer. Re-polymerization results in PET suitable for melt spinning of new polyester fibers.

Karin Lindqvist
Project Manager-Research Engineer, RISE

With background in chemical engineering Karin Lindqvist has worked in the field of Materials Science and Chemical processes for more than 30 years.
Environmentally sustainable processes and recycling has been of increasingly importance in her work for more than 10 years.
Plastics, Textile and Nonwoven Recycling through depolymerization is a topic of growing interest which also has become Karins specialization.
Scientific studies in this field with development of the processes has recently led to demonstrations of new applications based on recycled nonwoven as raw material.

Elin-Hermansson

Refinery for feedstock recycling of plastics

Hållbar Kemi 2030 is a collaboration project within which five chemical companies located in Stenungsund (Adesso Bioproducts, Borealis, Inovyn, Nouryon and Perstorp) are striving towards a common sustainability vision. The vision is to make Stenungsund the hub for production of sustainable chemical products and to have a production based on renewable and recycled feedstock in 2030. As Project Manager, Elin is coordinating the work since 2016. Elin has a M.Sc in Biotechnology and a background from the chemical industry.

Elin Hermansson
Project Manager, Chemical Industries Stenungsund